In the two weeks between the evening of 18 February to the evening of 03 March 2018, the medical data reveal 4,829 wounded and 1,005 dead – or 344 wounded and 71 dead per day on average. These data are collected from 10 medical facilities to which MSF provides a full package of support and a further 10 facilities to which MSF has been providing emergency medical donations from its remaining medical stocks inside the East Ghouta enclave. Two of these facilities have yet to submit data for 03 March, so this is an underestimate. There are many other medical facilities in East Ghouta that are not supported by MSF, meaning that the overall toll is significantly higher.
“The numbers alone speak volumes. But even more telling are the words we hear from the medics we are supporting on the ground,” said Meinie Nicolai, general director of MSF in Brussels. “Daily, we hear an increasing sense of hopelessness and despair, as our medical colleagues reach the limits of what a person can be expected to do. They are exhausted to the point of collapse, grabbing a few moments’ sleep as and when possible, permanently in fear of bombs or shells directly hitting their location. They are trying their best to keep some semblance of a medical service operating, but everything is overwhelmingly stacked against them. The situation, and the unrelenting trampling of the rules of war by the fighting parties, are pushing them to do the impossible.”
MSF reserve stocks of medical supplies in East Ghouta are being distributed amidst the almost ceaseless bombing and shelling, but these supplies are being consumed rapidly by the supported facilities and some key items, particularly for surgery, have run out. An official aid convoy granted access to the northern part of the enclave on Monday had medical items removed by the government of Syria, according the UN which was co-manager of the convoy. The need for a massive medical re-supply, without life-saving items being removed, is increasingly urgent with each passing hour.
15 of the 20 hospitals and clinics that MSF is supporting have been hit by bombing or shelling, with varying degrees of damage. This further reduces their capacity to provide care. Four of the medics MSF supports have been killed and twenty wounded.
The medical needs go beyond war-wounded patients. In most neighbourhoods of East Ghouta, the majority of residents are living in basements and makeshift underground shelters, in unsanitary conditions with limited safe drinking water and often no hygiene or sanitation facilities. Before the enclave-wide military offensive started on 18 February, MSF had already been boosting assistance to a field hospital in the Harasta neighbourhood, where bombing and shelling have been intense since November 2017 and where some 70 percent of the population were already living underground. The medical data from that neighbourhood showed clear increases in respiratory infections, diarrhoeal diseases and skin infections, with many of these patients being children.
In accordance with basic rules of International Humanitarian Law, MSF reiterates its urgent call to all the fighting parties and to all their supporters:
• pause the bombing and shelling to allow a reorganization of the medical response;
• ensure before, during and after any pause in fighting that civilian areas and infrastructure on both sides, including medical facilities, are not hit;
• allow the unobstructed resupply of life-saving medicines and medical supplies, without life-saving items being removed from aid convoys;
• allow medical evacuation of the most critical patients; and
• allow independent humanitarian medical bodies to enter the area to provide hands-on assistance.
At the start of the recent escalation in fighting, MSF was providing a full package of regular support to 10 health facilities in East Ghouta. Since 18 February, MSF has been increasingly active in supplying other facilities with emergency medical donations. Even facilities that had not asked for MSF support for years have been asking for help, and MSF is providing emergency donations to another 10 hospitals and clinics from its fast-depleting stocks in the area, but unable to supply some key items for surgery that have become simply unavailable to anyone in East Ghouta. No MSF staff members are present in supported facilities.
Elsewhere, MSF directly operates five health facilities and three mobile clinic teams in northern Syria and has partnerships with five facilities. MSF also provides distance support to about 50 health facilities in areas of Syria where teams cannot be directly present, including in East Ghouta. Some of these are regularly supported and others receive emergency medical donations at times of dire need.
MSF's activities in Syria do not include areas controlled by the Islamic State group since no assurances about safety and impartiality have been obtained from their leadership, nor can MSF work in government-controlled areas since MSF's requests for permission to date have not resulted in any access. To ensure independence from political pressures, MSF receives no government funding for its work in Syria.