MSF appeals for immediate response to Sudanese refugee crisis in Chad

The conflict in Sudan has led to the displacement of over four million people. The majority of this population, approximately 3.3 million people, have been displaced within Sudan itself. More than 380,000 people have crossed into eastern Chad, mostly seeking refuge in camps and settlements in and around the border town of Adré. On-site MSF teams are currently witnessing the distressing living conditions faced by these refugees, with a severe shortage of food, water, sanitation, shelter, and healthcare.

MSF appeals to the UN system, international donors, and humanitarian organizations to swiftly address all essential needs of the refugees in Adré and across Ouaddai province.

“It’s hard to describe what these people are going through. For some, it has been five weeks without food”, says Susana Borges, the outgoing MSF emergency coordinator in Adré. “People are feeding their children with insects, grass, and leaves! They have much less water and sanitation than they need, and many of them have no shelters whatsoever. How can they survive like this?”

“People are desperately waiting for food rations, but they don’t even have basic cooking supplies. How will they cook if they have no pots?" says Borges. “The most urgent health needs we are dealing with are malaria, diarrhea, and malnutrition. We are doing our best, but the needs are massive and there is only so much we can do."

In Sudan, the number of those compelled to flee their homes is growing daily. The MSF medical teams in Sudan report large number of patients wounded with bullets and explosions. The health system in Sudan is buckling under pressure. Several medical facilities have been damaged in the fighting, and are overwhelmed, running out of supplies, staff and in some cases utilities like water and electricity.

"We are deeply concerned about the population within Sudan and their access to healthcare, as well as the increased risks of epidemics resulting from the current situation," states Trish Newport, MSF's head of emergency response. " And we are also deeply concerned about the population that has fled Sudan into Chad. The situation in eastern Chad is a tremendous emergency, with the risk of further deterioration if there is not a swift and substantial scale up on humanitarian situation".

In the eastern Chadian province of Ouaddai, MSF teams are delivering critical healthcare services in partnership with the Ministry of health. The bed capacity has been expanded to 420 beds in Adré hospital and four health centres. Additionally, a 38-bed clinic situated in Camp Ecole is conducting 460 consultations daily. The region is grappling with a high prevalence of malaria and diarrhea, while 372 children are undergoing treatment for malnutrition in Camp Ecole.

In Adré hospital, 150 patients are currently being treated for traumatic injuries, mostly gunshot wounds sustained in Sudan, while 133 children are admitted for life-threatening medical complications linked to malaria and malnutrition. Our teams have also started to support and deliver maternal care and services for victims of sexual violence. 

The MSF teams offering mental health assistance in Camp Ecole have witnessed distressing cases of Sudanese refugees enduring profound losses, rape, and sexual violence during their journey to Chad. Numerous women have recounted being confined to a room and subjected to rape by groups of men. Given the gravity of their trauma and suffering, these people need ongoing and comprehensive support. A resolute commitment from the UN, other organizations, and donors is key to ensure that these people are saved from potentially fatal circumstances.



MSF teams on the ground have collected testimonials from affected people in both countries, painting a distressing and traumatic picture of their circumstances.

Testimonials from Chad

I am not able to feed my family, my children are so hungry that they eat the grass and the weeds they can find around the camp.” – Sudanese refugee in Ourang Camp

“We did not receive food since we got here two weeks ago. We are a family of 19, sometimes we can get one or two portions of food and we need to share it among all of us. All the food that we had from before is now finished and I don’t know what to do next. When I get to my shelter after this medical consultation, I don’t know what I will do.”  – MSF Patient, mother of two

Testimonials from Sudan

When my village was attacked, I fled into the forest, and I hid there for almost one week, without food or water. After one week we decided to go back to Mournay, but there we found our town full of dead bodies, houses burned. I even recognized the dead bodies of some of my friends and relatives.– A 50-year-old man, MSF patient

“From Al Geneina to the Chadian border, there was a checkpoint every kilometer. There were at least 10 checkpoints. Every time they took you out of the car, threatening you, stealing everything you have. They asked which tribe you belonged to. Anyone who answered they were Massalit were killed on the spot. There were so many dead bodies on the way. Arriving at the border, the last point, they had a list of all the influential Massalit people. If your name is on the list, they killed you right there.” – A 60-year-old MSF patient 

“In Sudan, they killed with no hesitation, even the children, I saw it with my own eyes. They raped women, even in groups. If they resisted, they killed them. If they entered a place with 20 men, they would kill all of them. I focus on God so he can help me.” – A young girl, Sudanese refugee in Ourang Camp in Adre, Chad

Gaëlle Dubath Media team, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
Gaëlle Dubath Media team, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
Über Médecins Sans Frontières/Ärzte ohne Grenzen (MSF)

MSF ist eine unabhängige medizinische Hilfsorganisation. MSF hilft Menschen in Not, Opfern von Naturkatastrophen sowie von bewaffneten Konflikten - ungeachtet ihrer ethnischen Herkunft, religiösen oder politischen Überzeugung oder ihres Geschlechts.

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